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Solo Batik Carnival – Showcasing Javanese Culture in Surakarta
26th July 2019
28th July 2019
- 1 What is the Solo Batik Carnival?
- 2 Where is Solo/Surakarta?
- 3 Why do they celebrate the Solo Batik Carnival?
- 4 What is Batik?
- 5 Batik in Java
- 6 UNESCO Batik Significance
- 7 Where is does the Solo Batik Carnival take place?
- 8 Solo Batik Carnival is a Cultural Parade
- 9 Batik costumes
- 10 How to get to the Solo Batik Carnival?
- 11 How to get around Solo
- 12 Where to stay for the Solo Batik Carnival?
- 13 What to do and see in Solo?
What is the Solo Batik Carnival?
The Solo Batik Carnival is an annual carnival celebration that occurs in Solo City also known as Surakarta City in Indonesia. Here carnival is not associated with the Christian pre-Lent celebrations, but carnival is more about festive celebrations that include a parade of dancers wearing gorgeous costumes.
The Royal city of Solo comes alive every year with grand festivities that place an emphasis on the ancient Indonesian motif of batik. The Solo Batik Carnival highlights the beautiful ancient art and craftwork of Batik and shines a bright spotlight on the city of Surakarta.
Where is Solo/Surakarta?
Solo is the nickname for the city of Surakarta. Solo is a major city that is located in the Central Java region of Indonesia. Solo is a former Royal city that was once home to not one but two Royal dynasties including the Kasunanan Kingdom and the Mangkunegaran Principality.
Solo is 100km south of Semarang and 60 km east of Yogyakarta. Solo is a bustling economic centre with a population of 800,000 people. Solo is a centre for fashion, art, education and shopping. Because Solo in not a provincial capital the city has preserved its Javanese character and is the least westernised city in the area.
Why do they celebrate the Solo Batik Carnival?
The Solo Batik Carnival first began back in 2008 and was created as an annual celebration of Indonesian heritage and culture. In particular the Solo Batik Carnival was created to be a world-class carnival designed to showcase batik, an ancient Indonesian craft.
The city of Solo is totally synonymous with batik so much so that its nickname is Batik City. Not only was the Solo Batik Carnival created to be the perfect cultural attraction that promotes Solo as a tourist destination, but it was also created to boost the batik fashion industry.
What is Batik?
What is Batik? Batik is an ancient art and craft that is an integral part of Indonesian culture especially in the Java region. Batik is a unique man-made wax resistant dying technique that transforms clothes into gorgeous works of art! Batik has been practiced for centuries and is mostly from around Indonesia as well as Malaysia.
Batik is created by selecting areas from a piece of fabric and covering it with melted wax. The fabric is then dipped for dying and the parts covered in wax are able to resist the dye and remain the original fabric colour. This process is continually repeated to create colourful and elaborate designs.
The word batik originates from the Javanese word tik, which in English means to dot. Different regions of Indonesia have their own batik patterns which is unique to them and may include flowers, nature or animals.
Batik in Java
Nowhere else in the world has the ancient art of batik reached the high standards seen in Java Indonesia. The ancient art of Batik is inseparable from Javanese culture. The traditional skills required to make batik have been well developed over several hundreds of years in Central Java.
The city of Solo is renowned as being the largest batik producing region in Indonesia. All the necessary raw materials are readily available in the area including cotton, beeswax and numerous plants from which the dye is extracted.
UNESCO Batik Significance
Batik is deeply rooted in Indonesian tradition and heritage. In 2009 Indonesian batik was even officially recognised by UNESCO as being a “Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity”.
One can even tell the royal lineage of an individual based on the cloth patterns that they are wearing. Traditional colours like dark brown, white and indigo represent three major Hindu gods. The Solo Batik Carnival was launched to showcase batik.
Where is does the Solo Batik Carnival take place?
The Solo Batik Carnival is 4km procession that is held along the main street of Solo City – Slamet Riyadi Street. The Solo Batik Carnival Parade begins at the Purwosari intersection and continues along ending at the Solo City Hall. Before the parade there is a fashion show held at Sriwedari stadium.
Solo Batik Carnival is a Cultural Parade
The highlight of Solo Batik Carnival is a cultural parade. The Solo Batik Carnival parade is where models will show of their colourful hand-made traditional and colourful batik costumes. The participants perform traditional Indonesian dances to show off their batik creations. This parade is all about being a medium, to express the art of Batik.
The parade attracts thousands of people who flock to Surakarta’s main street to witness the parade and learn about the local culture. It is a free procession where and there are huge crowds along the street of Jalan Slamet Riyadi all trying to get a good view to admire the gorgeous fashion.
Around 400 participants are part of the Solo Batik Carnival Parade which essentially like a dancing, parade fashion show. The Solo Batik Carnival Parade begins at 1:00pm and runs for several hours. Besides the gorgeous clothing it also features performances from renowned Indonesian singers. Every year the carnival selects a theme which is central to the celebrations.
To perform in the carnival parade, it is essential that 75 percent of your costume has to be batik. The participants are challenged to release their creative imaginations and be as innovative as they can when creating their batik pieces of art.
What is incredible about this parade is that every participant has funded their own costumes. This may not sound like a big deal, but keep in mind that Indonesia is a third world country. The participants can spend about a whole month salary on their costume.
How to get to the Solo Batik Carnival?
Solo has an airport that is only 10km from the town, and while it is a small airport, it does have about 8 flights from Jakarta a day. Jakarta Airport is a major airport with connecting flights all over the world.
The main bus station in Solo is Terminal Tirtonadi which has regular services throughout Indonesia. It is a 10-hour bus ride from Jakarta and a 5 hour bus ride from Surabaya. Or you can take an express train from Jakarta which will take about 8 hours. You can also rent a car or organise private transportation quite cheaply in Indonesia.
How to get around Solo
The easiest way to get around Solo is by becak. The compact size of Solo makes it easy to walk around but the city is crowded and not well paved. Renting a bike or a rental car is a good option or just hail a taxi.
Where to stay for the Solo Batik Carnival?
Solo offers a broad range of accommodation from upmarket, right through to budget accommodation. Accommodation in Solo is more low-key and old school with lots of charming traditional-styled mid-range guesthouses. Select accommodation around Solo city centre so that you can easily walk to carnival as well as sight-see easily.
Check out some accommodation options here.
What to do and see in Solo?
Surakarta was historically a royal city and you can see the Javanese magic all around the city. Make sure you visit the Kasunanan Royal Palaces or joglo houses. Try some local cuisine or learn to haggle at the local market. You can visit some local temples and waterfalls. You must go shopping for some Batik Cloth at the Klewer Market or watch them make Batik in Laweyan Batik Village.
For more information about tours, things to do, sightseeing tours, day trips and more click here.