Everything You Need To Know About The Rio Carnival Samba Parades

The Sambadrome hosts the fabulous Rio Carnival Samba Parades! Known as the Greatest attraction on Earth! Here is your ultimate guide to the Rio Carnival Samba Parades – The Greatest Show on Earth!
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    The Samba Parades held in the Sambadrome during Rio Carnival have consistently been called the ‘Greatest Show on Earth’! Watching the Rio Carnival Samba Parades is a one-of-a-kind experience. Samba is a core part of Brazil’s cultural heritage and the Samba Parades reflect Brazil’s passion, culture and history.


    Samba music is the beating heart and soul of Rio Carnival and has been ever since it first appeared in the 1920s. Samba is central to all the traditions seen during Rio Carnival. Anywhere you go in Rio, during carnival you will quickly discover that it is impossible to escape the catchy sounds of samba music.

    Samba music is famous for its rhythmic beats and catchy rhythms. It’s a contagious style of music that makes it impossible for the listener to resist standing still. Samba music and the Samba dance form evolved from the African slaves that brought their music, dance and rhythmic drumbeats from Africa.

    Samba infiltrates all parts of Brazilian society, from the richest neighbourhoods in Rio to the poorest favelas. Samba is something that brings all Brazilians together, no not matter what your economic class is.

    Samba Schools

    rio carnival samba schools

    Rio de Janeiro is home to over 100 samba schools and they are the reason that Rio Carnival is so spectacular and unique. The Samba Schools are like football teams, each neighbourhood has a samba school representing their neighbourhood and they also have a loyal fan following. Each samba school has their own colours, flag and distinct costume styles.

    These Samba schools are large social groups with around 3000 – 5000 members. The background and economic status of each of the schools varies widely. Some samba schools are at the forefront of the samba scene and take the parades very seriously. Each year all the samba schools compete because they want to move up to higher leagues or remain in the top league.

    The top league is called the Special Group and is made up of the 14 best and most creative samba schools. The Special Group competes at the Sambadrome for the chance to be crowned the Best Samba School and receive cash prizes, nationwide fame and the adoration of the Brazilian people.

    Samba Parades – Greatest Show on Earth!

    The Rio Samba parades are world famous and are known as the Greatest Show on Earth. They are the result of a years’ worth of hard work, dedication and passion! Visitors from all around the world fly to Rio to see the top 14 Samba Schools known as the Grupo Especial, or the Special Group.

    They perform in the most extravagant 2-night spectacle, competing against each other from sunset to sunrise, in a performance so amazing it is broadcast to the world. The Grupo Especial Samba Parades are held on the Sunday and Monday of Rio Carnival.

    The Grupo Especial features giant 20m floats, dazzling costumes and 60,000 performers. Each Samba School has roughly 5000 members who parade slowly down the 700m length of the Sambadrome, singing, dancing, and drumming their hearts non-stop for ninety minutes with perfect precision, with the goal of being crowned The Best Samba School of 2019.

    Each samba school portrays a different theme that’s influenced by their own traditions. The costumes, floats, dances and music are all meant to reflect that theme. The Samba Parades at Rio Carnival often feature strong cultural or political messages often taking aim at government corruption.

    Samba Schools start preparing for the following years parade as soon as carnival is over for that year. Musicians, dancers, float designers, fashion designers and choreographers spend a year creating an amazing ninety-minute mind blowing samba show.

    The Sambadrome

    rio carnival samba schools

    The Sambadrome, or Sambadromo in Portuguese is a giant custom-built samba stadium, where the main carnival event occurs. The Sambódromo features a long 700m runway and can hold 90,000 spectators. Originally the Samba School Parades were held on the streets of Rio.

    During carnival all roads lead to the Sambadrome it is the centre of all carnival celebrations, of course, the focus is on the beautiful samba dancers. Nothing comes close to the electric atmosphere that is felt inside the iconic Sambadrome during Rio carnival.

    How to get to the Sambadrome?

    The Sambadrome is located in downtown Rio and there are several ways you can reach it. From the Copacabana/Ipanema area, where most tourists stay you can take a subway and then a short walk. Public transport to the samba parades is always lively during carnival so it can be a lot of fun to join the hordes of people heading out.

    If you aren’t staying near a subway or you don’t wish to take public transport, then you can easily take an official government taxi. Also, there are numerous private shuttle services offering transport between your hotel and the Sambadrome during carnival.

    When is the 2022 Rio Samba Parades?

    rio carnival samba schools

    When are the Rio Carnival Samba Parades? The Rio Carnival Samba Parades usually take place in the few days before the onset of Lent. However, the 2022 Rio Carnival has been delayed until April due to the ongoing Covid-19 situation.

    The new 2022 Rio Carnival Samba Parade Dates are as follows:

    • The Access Group: will perform on the Wed 20th April & Thurs 21st April, 2022
    • The Special Group: will perform on Fri 22nd & Sat 23rd April, 2022
    • The Champions Parade: will take place on Saturday 30th April

    The 2022 Special Group – Main Parade Schedule

    Which Rio samba schools to follow? The Samba Parades Special Group is a serious competition that only features the best and most creative Samba dancers, musicians, choreography, costumes and floats.

    The 2022 Special Group Parade Line-Up:

    Friday April 22, 2022 Saturday April 23, 2022
    9:30PM Imperatriz Tuiuti
    10:30PM Mangueira Portela
    11:30PM Salgueiro Mocidade
    00:30AM Sao Clemente Unidos da Tijuca
    01:30AM Viradouro Grande Rio
    02:30AM Beija-Flor Isabel

    How the Samba Parades are judged

    The Samba Competitions is like the English Football Premier league in that the number of points a samba school earns during the Sambadrome determines their place in next year’s competition. Those with the least points in the first division compete in the second division the following year. And those in the second division with the highest points get to move to the first division.

    The samba schools are marked by a panel of 40 judges who keep a close eye on the samba schools during their ninety-minute performance. Points are awarded based on several criteria; lyrics, drumming cadence and precision, sensational costumes, overall harmony and allegorical theme.

    Costumes and Floats

    rio carnival samba schools

    The Samba Parade costumes are the result of millions of man hours and the costumes are colourful and revealing. They often feature feathers, mirror work, sequins, silk and numerous other creative materials. In addition to the amazing costumes there is a lot of glitter, makeup and body paint used to transform the costumes.

    Some of the samba schools will have six or seven 20m high floats as part of their performance. The floats are giant, elaborately decorated machines that can perform amazing mechanical moves. Often the best dancers ride on top of the floats during the performance.

    Champions Parade

    The results of the Special Groups Samba Parades are decided on Ash Wednesday. The following Saturday the top six teams will perform again at the Sambadrome where you have a chance to go and watch only the best performances.

    There is no competition, so the schools are free from pressure and able to just enjoy themselves. The energy in the Sambadrome is still electric with celebrities, socialites and thousands coming out to watch one last samba parade.

    Rio Samba Schools

    The second division Samba Schools also perform at the Sambadrome during carnival. Their parades are just as creative and incredible to watch as the Special Group because their motivation is to advance to the Special Group the following year and it is one fierce fight. Tickets are a little cheaper to see this group.

    The 2022 Access Group Parade Line-Up:

    Friday April 22, 2022 Saturday April 23, 2022
    9:30PM Em Cima Da Hora Lins Imperial
    10:30PM Acdademicos de Cubango Inocentes de B. Roxo
    11:30PM Unidos da Ponte Estacio de Sa
    00:30AM Unidos Porto da Pedra Acd, de Santa Cruz
    01:30AM Unidos da ilha Do Gov Unidos de PD. Miguel
    02:30AM Unidos de bangu Acd. De Vigario Geral
    03:00AM Academicos Do Sossego Imperio da Tijuca


    Rio Children’s Samba Parade 2022

    The children also get the chance to perform at the Sambadrome in their own samba parade. The Childrens Samba Show is also spectacular and will give the adults a run for their money. There are many children who have committed themselves to this Brazilian tradition of samba and it ensures that Samba is a tradition that will be kept alive for several generations to come.

    Sambadrome Tickets

    Tickets to the Rio Carnival parades at the Sambadrome can be purchased online, or in person at the Sambadrome. Tickets cost anywhere from R$10 for the cheap seats at the end of the parade. To R$110 to R$1,000 for prime seating, luxury suites can cost up to R$5,000.

    Sector 5 and 7 are meant to be the best in the house because they are smack bang in the middle of the Sambadrome. This allows excellent views right up and down the Sambadrome parade route.

    Join the Samba Parades at the Sambadrome

    rio carnival samba schools

    Want the experience of a lifetime the why not join in the samba parade! If you are willing to splurge and pay a membership fee of around $500 -$1000US, to one of the participating samba schools, you can join their school and march in the Samba Parades.

    All you must do after you pay the membership is buy a costume and memorise the samba schools’ dances and you can be right in the middle of the action. It is the ultimate Rio carnival experience to not just watch but perform at the Sambadrome!

    Where to stay for Rio Carnival?

    If you’re wondering where to sleep during carnival in Rio, you have plenty of options. There are hotels, hostels, or apartments to rent for all budgets. The best place to stay is close to the blocos. There is no point staying around the Sambadrome because it’s not a great neighbourhood for tourists.

    The best place to stay in Rio during carnival is in Rio’s Zona Sul which includes the suburbs of CopacabanaIpanemaLeblon & the Centro, the most popular events happen in this vicinity. Staying here means your close to the action and close to Rio’s best beaches and shopping. Santa Teresa is also a good option it’s a bohemian neighbourhood that hosts some of the best blocos.

    Check out some accomodation deals here.

    Take a tour for Rio Carnival!

    Leave the guidebook at home and experience carnival under safe and knowledgeable guidance. There are loads of Rio Carnival Tour itineraires you can check out on Tour Radar. Whether you want to samba in the parade, join a conga line with locals, or witness the parades, there is something for everyone.

    Carnival in Rio is a crazy, hectic and chaotic experience, which is all part of the fun but if you want to have a hassle-free vacation then why not join a tour! Also carnival is better to experience with people so check out some awesome Rio Carnival Tours here.  Or even check out Viator which has hundreds of carnival tours and activities!


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