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Black Forest Carnival – Are dark carnival celebrations filled with pagan rituals!
Thursday 20th February 2020
Tuesday the 25th February 2020
- 1 What is Fasnacht?
- 2 What is carnival in the Black Forrest?
- 3 Where is the Black Forest?
- 4 What is the history of carnival in the Black Forrest?
- 5 What is the 2020 carnival dates for carnival in the Black Forrest?
- 6 How do they celebrate carnival in the Black Forrest?
- 7 What are the best Black Forest Carnivals events?
- 8 How to get to the Black Forest?
- 9 Where to stay during the Black Forest Carnival?
- 10 How to get around during the Black Forest Carnival?
- 11 What to do and see in the Black forest?
You don’t need to head to Brazil to experience carnival! Carnival in the Black Forest is renowned for being one of the most fun times of the year. The German’s surely known how to put on one of the biggest parties of the year. Carnival in Germany is the biggest party of the year and is a way bigger party then Halloween or New Years. So head to the Black Forest during carnival!
What is Fasnacht?
Fastnacht is part of the pre-Lenten carnival season in Germany. Carnival is a old tradition that sweeps across Germany in the period prior to Lent. It is all about having some fun before Lent and it sees a lot of feasting, partying, drinking and just letting loose.
What is carnival in the Black Forrest?
In most of Germany carnival or Fastnacht is all about dressing up, partying and drinking but not so during Germany’s Black Forest. The Black Forest Carnival also known as the Swabian–Alemannic carnival or Fastnacht is a little darker and less humorous then the carnival celebrations in the other parts of Germany.
Most carnivals are about getting wild and partying than about respecting tradition, but not in the Black Forest Carnival which is all about reflecting on the simple life of historic times. The Black Forest region keeps alive the local heritage and tradition in an enchanting way.
The Black Forest still has public street parties and parades but they are all about tradition and history. It is about the time of year when the evil winter spirits reign over the region bringing darkness and cold. Carnival in the Black Forest is all about hunting down the bad spirits and expelling them from the area so that Spring can be ushered in.
Where is the Black Forest?
The Black Forest known as Schwarzwald in German is a wooded mountain range in southwestern Germany. Its name is derived from the dark colour of the numerous pine trees which grow in this region. It is bounded by the Rhine valley in the west and south.
The Black Forest Carnival is held in the regions picturesque villages of the Black Forest where from December to March the carnival season takes over the villages It is a stunning region and the snow-covered landscapes provide a magical backdrop for an traditional and original carnival celebration.
What is the history of carnival in the Black Forrest?
Carnival in Germany dates back to the Middle Ages and its festivities were originated from feasting celebrations that occurred at the end of winter, in order to consume peoples perishable food stocks before they would go to waste with the snow melting and warmer temperatures at the end of winter. These celebrations have been documented in central Europe as far back as the 13th century.
When the influence of the Catholic Church spread across Europe the ancient pagan celebrations were given Christian meanings and moved to before Lent.
What is the 2020 carnival dates for carnival in the Black Forrest?
Fasnacht season officially begins on the 6th January and ends on Ash Wednesday. However all the main celebration and parties are concentrating in the 6-days prior to Lent and begin on Dirty Thursday, which is the Thursday prior to Lent. However the Buurefasnacht carnival in Weil am Rhein and Sulzburg, keeps the party going until then end of the first week of Lent.
The Black Forest Carnivals dates for 2020 begins Thursday 20th February until Tuesday the 25th February 2020.
How do they celebrate carnival in the Black Forrest?
Carnival across Germany generally involves a week of fun celebrations in the final week prior to Lent. In most of Germany the focus is on partying. In the Black Forest, carnival is celebrated differently. Retention of old carnival traditions is very important and lots of effort goes into keeping traditions alive.
Black Forest carnival traditions dates back to their pagan roots. Carnival is all about scaring away the evil winter spirits. Winter is a time when the bad spirits roam the land and they need to be hunted down and scared away to so that spring can be ushered in. During the six main days of carnival kids don’t go to school and the adults don’t go to work.
To scare away the winter sprits, during carnival people dress up is traditional carnival costumes. People will wear traditional hand painted carnival costumes and old wooden masks, many of which have been in the family for generations. Usually you will see a lot of people dressed as witches, demons, spirits or scary animals. Some Black Forest towns have over 80,000 people dressed up.
The costumes are usually quite scary and adorned with bells, whips, pig bladder balloons and more. People walk around in groups making lots of noise to ‘scare away the spirits’. There are also processions of devils, witches and a federahannes, which is a dancing fool who makes his way through the towns and villages, entertaining the people.
Restaurants and pubs are open 24/7 and the beer and music never stop flowing. There are many other traditional carnival celebrations that occur day and night including like burnings, parades, fireworks and more.
What are the best Black Forest Carnivals events?
The Narrensprung in the town of Rottweil is said to be one of the best carnival parades. It occurs on Rose Monday and begins at 8am. It sees a parade of over 4000 dancing fools/jester types who parade through the town wearing traditional carved carnival masks. It also features a traditional devil like carnival character called Federhannes and the Guller a man who rises a cockerel.
The village of Waldkirch is famous for its annual Hexensabbat, which is a Witch Parade. It is a popular event that occurs on the saturdday prior to Lent. In the main market square there is a procession of witches, complete with brooms and bonfires. The towns local mountain is called Kandel which in ancient folklore was thought to be the home of powerful witches.
Schramberg Fastnacht main carnival characters are the hopping Hans and hoorige Katz. They have a unique carnival event called the Da-Bach-Na-Fahrt, which sees the carnival characters hurl down the river in wooden bathtubs.
The oldest and best processions in the Black Forest takes place in the towns and villages of Villingen, Oberndorf and Elzach.
How to get to the Black Forest?
There is only one airport in the Black Forest Region which is the Baden-Airpark and has a few flights. However the region will be an hour or so drive away from Basel, Stuttgart, Frankfurt and Zurich Airport. There are plenty of buses and trains that connect from those cities or just rent a car and drive.
Where to stay during the Black Forest Carnival?
There are so many beautiful spots and towns that you can stay in you are spoilt for choice. Baden is one of the more fashionable spa-towns that sits at the bottom of rolling hills and is full of stunning architecture. Bad Wildabad is another picturesque village and popular spa town.
Calw is located in the north of the Black Forest and has a reputation as being one of the Black Forest’s prettiest towns. Other popular options are Baiersbronn, Freiburg, Badische Weinstrasse and Titisee Lake.
It you want to stay close to the carnival action then considered staying in Villingen, Oberndorf, Elzach, Schramberg, Waldkirch or Rottweil. It is worth deciding what you wish to see ahead of time to better plan.
Check out some accomodation options here.
How to get around during the Black Forest Carnival?
The Black Forest Region is only 210km long and the best way to explore the region attend different carnival celebrations is to rent a car and have the freedom to drive where you wish. But there are also plenty of region buses that operate.
What to do and see in the Black forest?
The Black Forest in Germany offers an abundance of natural beauty with beautiful forests, lakes, streams and picturesque towns and villages. There is all kinds of sport and recreational activities that you can do from hiking to cross country skiing. There is an abundance of historic monuments castles, palaces, churches and monasteries.
For more information about tours, things to do, sightseeing tours, day trips and more click here.